History

Past members of the Nobel family were known not only for their interest in art, but also for their creative ingenuity

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Immanuel Nobel

Immanuel Nobel pioneered the development of underwater mines, designed some of the first steam engines to power Russian ships, installed the first central heating systems in Russian homes, and was the first to develop modern plywood, cut with a rotary lathe.

Ludvig Nobel

One of Immanuel Nobel's sons, Ludvig Nobel, was the founder of The Machine-Building Factory Ludvig Nobel, a great armaments concern and the inventor of the Nobel wheel.

 

Ludvig was also the founder of Branobel, the foremost Russian oil industry of its time, and launched the world’s first diesel-driven tugs, tankers, and U-boats, besides building the first European oil pipeline in Baku, Azerbaijan.

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Alfred Nobel

Alfred Bernhard Nobel was a Swedish chemist, engineer, inventor, businessman, and philanthropist. He is best known for having bequeathed his fortune to establish the Nobel Prize, though he also made several important contributions to science, holding 355 patents in his lifetime.

 

Nobel's most famous invention was dynamite, a safer and easier means of harnessing the explosive power of nitroglycerin; it was patented in 1867 and was soon used worldwide for mining and infrastructure development.

Robert Nobel

Robert Hjalmar Nobel was a Swedish businessman, industrialist and investor. He was the founder of Branobel, and a pioneer in the Russian oil industry.

 

Robert Nobel was born in Maria Magdalena parish in Stockholm, Sweden, the eldest son of Karolina Andrietta Ahlsell and her husband Immanuel Nobel. He was the brother of Emil Oscar Nobel, Ludvig Nobel and Alfred Nobel.

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